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ISPM-15. Phytosanitary Compliance

What is ISPM-15?

ISPM-15 is a phytosanitary regulation by the FAO for wooden packaging used in international trade. It has been adopted by a large number of countries to avoid disseminating harmful organisms in forest masses. 

In 2013 it was reviewed in Spain with some changes to the previous criteria.

Where does it exist or is recommended?

For imports, it exists in all countries in the European Union, except for intra-community transactions. For exports, the destination countries which demand it or it is recommended are: 

EUROPE: Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Norway, Portugal, Switzerland, Turkey and Ukraine.
AMERICA: Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, United States, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay and Venezuela.
ASIA: Bangladesh, China, South Korea, Philippines, Hong Kong- Macao, India, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Oman, Syria, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Taiwan, Penghu and Matsu, and Vietnam.
AFRICA:Algeria, Cameroon, Egypt, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania, Yemen and Zimbawe.
OCEANIA: Australia, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, New Zealand and Samoa. importación, se exige en todos los países de la Unión Europea, excepto en operaciones intracomunitarias.

What products does it affect?

Dunnage wood, wooden crates, packaging or pallets with a thickness over 6 mm. Those made from processed wood are excluded (plywood boards, chipboard, fibre boards, etc.), or those that have undergone processes equivalent to heat treatment (HT) during manufacture.

What is required?

To use suppliers of new or used crates, packaging and pallets that have obtained authorisation and a registration number to operate and mark wooden packaging under ISPM No. 15. See authorised companies at the website of the Spanish Department of Agriculture

Heat Treatment

Heat treatment (HT) required to mantain a temperature of 56ºC for 30 minutes in the center of the wood.

Marks and their meanings

The basic mark used to certify that the wooden packaging material bearing the mark has been subjected to approved treatment, can only be affixed by a supplier or an authorised third party, and must be marked on two opposing sides of new treated products and must exclusively include the following items in colours other than red or orange:

IPPC: International Plant Protection Convention Symbol
ES: Spanish ISO code
CP: Province code
0000: Supplier’s registration number
YY: HT Code (“Heat Treatment”) or MB (Methyl Bromide)


Reusable pallets or packaging

Reusable or second hand ISPM-15 pallets or packaging that have not been repaired do not need new treatment or authorisation by suppliers. On repaired items, each newly added component must bear the mark. Nevertheless, in Spain, the number of different marks on each wooden packaging unit is limited to two. When more than a third of the components are replaced, the previous marks will be deleted and the item will be treated and marked once only.

Inspection document

Your ISPM-15 supplier will keep an internal record in which compliance and traceability of the materials and products under the regulations will be recorded, which may be periodically inspected by the Authorities or authorized agencies.

The marks under authorisation of the Spanish Administration is sufficient for compliance with the ISPM-15 regulations internationally and customs inspections, and consequently no other certificates are required.


Download FEDEMCO Informa ISPM-15