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RECYCLING REPORT

RECYCLING REPORT

Recycling Report 2014

Spain recycled 64% of the waste generated from wooden crates, packaging and pallets in 2014

FEDEMCO (supported by ECOEMBES) has analysed the situation of waste generated from wooden crates, packaging and pallets in Spain in 2014, in relation to the recycling targets established by the Directive 2004/12/EC for 2008: 15% for wood and 55% for material in general.

The results and conclusions of the study carried out by the FEDEMCO technical team between April and July 2015 have been principally based on data for the year 2014 given by companies that manufacture, use and recover/recycle wooden crates that took part in the survey, in addition to official data provided by the National Institute of Statistics (INE).

                         
MANUFACTURING STAGE

According to data provided by the National Institute of Statistics (INE), the value of crates and packaging manufactured in Spain rose to 731,094,000 euros in 2014, which corresponds to a manufactured volume of 1,530,157 tons. The volume of imported wooden crates rose to 103,029 tons, while the volume of exported crates reached 76,999 tons, according to foreign trade data provided by the Spanish Inland Revenue.
The data obtained during the period of use comes from surveys carried out by the FEDEMCO technical team on the most representative companies of their sectors, which are direct or indirect users of wooden crates and packaging.
The volume of crates and packaging used in Spain in 2014 rose to 4,471,182 tons, 3% more than last year. This amount covers exports (1,849,062 tonnes) and imports (553,603 tonnes), but excludes crates and packaging that form part of a pooling system (a comprehensive management service of pallets, which provides customers with new or repaired pallets and takes care of collecting, transporting, classifying and repairing pallets, and managing waste). The low volume of imports obtained by the study could be explained by the fact that no record for imported packaging is kept by users. In the majority of cases the packaging is incorporated into the distribution chain without being taken into account. Futhermore, in some import sectors it has been observed that suppliers recover crates and packaging when they are empty (especially those coming from another European country). Therefore, despite the fact that goods are imported, wooden packaging is not imported.


The volume of crates and packaging used that formed part of pooling systems reached 3,625,382 tons, 6% more than in 2013.

 

The volume of crates and packaging repaired or reused by the user without being managed by recoverers decreased 1% in 2014 (1,752,474 tonnes.)

Approximately 80% of the used crates and packaging are pallets. The Wholesale Trade and Intermediaries, the Non-metallic Mineral Products industry and the Food Industry sectors, are those that use more wooden crates and packaging (including pooling systems).

The following sectors reuse the largest number of crates and packaging: the Non-metallic Mineral Products industry, the Food Industry and Wholesale Trade.

The following sectors set aside the largest amount of crates and packaging for recovery: Wholesale Trade, the Food Industry and the Paper Industry. 

Finally, the sectors that generate the largest amount of waste from wooden crates and packaging are Wholesale Trade, the Paper Industry and the Food Industry.

RECOVERY STAGE

The data provided in this section comes from surveys carried out by the FEDEMCO technical team on companies dealing with the management or recovery of waste generated from wooden crates and packaging, in addition to recycling companies.

The pallet is the most significant type of packaging and represents 80% of the total managed volume. The relative weight of the pallet as part of the total amount managed without being reused is 38%, which corresponds to 97% of the total weight of the crates and packaging set aside to be reused.

The most significant sectors that supply recoverers with waste are industry in general, the food and agricultural industry (especially fruit and vegetables) and the construction industry. 

The most significant sectors that reuse crates and packaging are industry in general, the food industry and logistics industry.

The volume of crates and packaging managed by recoverers rose to 860,784 tons, 67% of which (579,252 tons) were set aside to be reused (mainly pallets).

The remaining volume managed and not reused (281,531 tons) has several uses:

  • 22% (62,104 tons) are transferred to other waste managers.
  • 66 % (186,707 tons) are recycled.
  • 10 % (29,163 tons) are set side for energy valuation.
  • 1% (3,557 tons) go to controlled rubbish tips.



The energy valuation of MSW must be added to the volume of energy valuation (data provided by Ecoembes), giving a total volume of energy valuation of 30,985 tons. The volume of valued waste is 217,692 tons, which is the result of adding the recycled waste and the waste valued as energy.

 
 
RESULTS

The volume of wooden crates and packaging used by users in one year and which could become waste, is calculated by subtracting the exported volume of crates and packaging and the volume of waste that is reused by users from the volume that is used (excluding waste generated by pooling systems). The result is 869,647 tonnes, 5% less than the previous year.

However, part of the waste remaining in Spain is circulated again on the market by recoverers. The volume of waste that remains in Spain and is not reused is calculated from the difference between the volume of wooden crates and packaging that has been used by users in one year and which could become waste, and the volume of waste reused by recoverers. The result is 290,395 tonnes. There has been an increase in the volume compared to the previous year due to an increase in the volumen used by users and a decrease in re-use by companies  and recoverers.  

VALUATION RATE

The valuation rate is the ratio between the volume of crate and packaging waste to be valued and the volume of waste that remains in Spain and could be recovered for recycling or destined for energy valuation.

 Valuation Rate= (Valuation  Volume/ Waste Volume) *100

 Valuation Rate= ( 217.692/290.395)*100= 75%

 

WASTE RECYCLING RATE

The recycling rate of waste generated from wooden crates and packaging in Spain is the ratio between the volume of crates and packaging waste that is recycled and the volume of waste that remains in Spain and could be recovered for recycling or destined for energy valuation. 

Waste Recycling Rate= (Recycled Volume/ Waste Volume)*100 

Waste Recycling Rate = (186.707/290.395)*100= 64%

 

ENERGY VALUATION RATE

The energy valuation rate of waste generated from wooden crates and packaging in Spain is the ratio between the volume of crates and packaging waste destined for energy valuation, and the volume of waste that remains in Spain and could be valued.

Energy Valuation Rate= (Energy Valuation Volume/ Waste Volume)*100

Energy Valuation Rate= 30.985/290.395)*100= 11%

 

EVOLUTION OF VALUATION RATE 2008-2014

According to data obtained from studies carried out in previous years, the valuation rate tends to maintain a sustained growth, especially as far as recycling wooden crates and packaging is concerned.        
 
 
FORECAST FOR 2014-2015

Taking into account the data of the evolution of the valuation rate from the last years, the forecast for the valuation rate for 2015 is 74%.

 

GREEN DOT

The "green dot" is a mark that identifies containers that form part of the Integrated Management System (S.I.G.) managed by Ecoembalajes España, S.A. (ECOEMBES).

This system has thousands of packaging companies as members, and is aimed at the selective collection of container waste, in addition to its recovery and valuation. That allows companies to accomplish with home packaging and home packaging waste regulations.

« Green dot » fare for wooden packaging, 0,021 € per Kg of packaging, is one of the cheapest amongst other packaging material ones, as you can consider below. 

Material  
Fare 2009
 
Fare 2010
 
Increase %

Flexible HDPE, LDPE and rest of plastics  
32,9
 
47,2
 
43,4
Other  
32,9
 
47,2
 
43,4
PET and HDPE  
27,8
 
37,7
 
35,6
Beverage carton  
26,6
 
32,3
 
21,4
Aluminium  
10,2
 
10,2
 
-
Steel  
6,1
 
8,5
 
39,3
Paper and carton  
5,1
 
6,8
 
33,3
Wood and cork  
1,9
 
2,1
 
10,5
Ceramics  
1,8
 
2,0
 
10,5

(*) Centimes € per Kg of packaging
Source : Ecoembalajes España, S.A.


FEDEMCO / GROW is a shareholder of ECOEMBES within the Raw Materials share group, together with ANEP, ARPAL, CICLOPLAST, ECOACERO, RECIPAP, TETRA LAVAL HISPANIA, and it chairs the Technical Wood Committee.

Together with other companies dealing in the recovery and recycling of wood, FEDEMCO also belongs to ECOLEÑO, S.L., a company that is also a shareholder within the Recyclers share group.